Common Injuries of the Hand & Wrist
Hand or wrist pain can occur from normal, everyday usage that causes wear and tear, overuse or injury. Commonly, sports or work tasks, the use of tools or machinery, or accidental falls are to blame.
Trigger finger is also known as stenosing tenosynovitis. It is a condition in which one of your fingers gets stuck in a bent position. When this occurs, your finger may straighten with a snap, similar to a trigger being pulled and released. This is known to happen as inflammation narrows the space within the area that surrounds the tendon in the affected finger.
Symptoms & Diagnosis for Trigger Finger
Trigger finger symptoms often include tenderness or a bump at the base of the affected finger, a clicking sensation upon movement as well as stiffness, and your finger becoming locked in a bent position from which you cannot straighten it.
Treatment for Trigger Finger
Nonsurgical treatments include medications, rest, ice, heat, the use of a splint, or cortisone injections. If these options do not provide pain relief, your doctor may recommend surgery. Read more about trigger finger treatment options.
Wrist pain caused by tendinitis is due to the inflammation of your tendon. Wrist tendinitis causes tenderness and pain outside of your joint.
Symptoms & Diagnosis for Wrist Tendinitis
Usually symptoms occur at the point where your tendon attaches to your bone. These symptoms might include swelling, tenderness and pain.
Treatment for Wrist Tendinitis
Nonsurgical options for wrist tendinitis include medications to relieve pain, corticosteroids, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or therapy. If the condition is severe, your doctor may recommend surgical repair as a treatment option. Learn more about nonsurgical and surgical options for treatment of wrist tendinitis.
Finger, Hand and Wrist Fractures
Fractures of the finger, hand or wrist occur most often when people try to stop themselves during a fall. They also occur commonly in sports or in people with fragile bones. Early treatment is crucial in preventing future problems.
Symptoms & Diagnosis of Finger, Hand and Wrist Fractures
Symptoms include swelling, bruising, tenderness, numbness, severe pain, and an obvious deformity such as a crooked finger or bent wrist. Your doctor will do a physical exam and will likely order imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for Finger, Hand and Wrist Fractures
Your doctor may need to manipulate the pieces of the broken bone ends back to their correct positions if they are out of alignment. Usually a splint or cast is needed for most fractures, in order to restrict movement. Medications and therapy are also options. If the fracture is severe, surgery may be recommended. Learn more about treatment options for finger, hand and wrist fractures.
Finger, Hand, and Wrist Mass or Cyst
Small fluid-filled sacs or cysts, called ganglions, can appear as bumps on the hands, wrists or fingers. They can grow from a joint capsule or a tendon sheath covering the tendon.
Symptoms & Diagnosis of Finger, Hand, and Wrist Mass or Cyst
Symptoms of a ganglion cyst might include swelling, and a soft bump from 1 to 3 cm in diameter that can change in size. There can be some pain, but often a cyst does not present symptoms other than its appearance. A physical exam generally confirms the diagnosis.
Treatment for Finger, Hand, and Wrist Mass or Cyst
Cysts can resolve without any treatment. One option is aspiration, which uses a needle to remove the liquid from the cyst. Surgery may be recommended by your doctor as another alternative. Learn more about treatment options for finger, hand and wrist mass or cyst.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Caused by median nerve irritation in your wrist, carpal tunnel syndrome is a hand and arm condition that results in numbness and tingling. Hand weakness is another result of this condition.
Symptoms & Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Usually the first signs of carpal tunnel syndrome are gradual numbness or tingling in your thumb, index and middle fingers. A feeling of weakness can also occur. Your doctor will perform a physical exam to confirm a diagnosis, but a series of tests may also be ordered.
Treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Treatments include occupational or physical therapy, bracing, medications and injections. Surgery can alleviate the symptoms and is recommended when conservative options fail. Learn more about nonsurgical and surgical treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome.